The following are quotes from:
Famine in Ukraine 1932-1933: Genocide by Other means. Authors Taras Hunczak and Roman Serbyn. New York 2007 Shevchenko Scientific Society, USA. Complete research on the Russians papers authorizing the Ukrainian geocide in 1930s. Library CardControl 2007936443.
•Many volumes of documents on the collectivization and famine in Ukraine have appeared, including new set of microfilms, 130 reels, from Primary Source Microfilm and the former Ukrainian Party archive in Kyiv selected by TsDAGO director Volodymyr Lozytskyi. It is now possible to trace what was known by whom and when for the years of unfolding famine: and it is harder than ever to deny the Moscow's orders and general level of callousness were the primary cause of the loss of million of lives. (page 22)
•[Walter] Duranty was fully aware of that very famnie and reported to the British diplomatic authorties in Moscow that the number of victims could reach 10 million. (page 26)
•On 27 December 1929 Stalin escalated the regime's war against the farmers by declaring that the output of the collective and state farms could now replace that of the kulaks, and announcing a shift "from the policy of restricting the exploiting tendencies of the kulaks to the policy of eliminating the kulaks as a class [Stalin.Works, Moscow, 1955 ol 12. p.474] [page 53]
•For although a severe drought destroyed the harvest of 1921 and 1922 in the grain producing regions of Ukraine and Russia, it was Moscow's colonialist policy towards Ukraine that was primarily repsonsible for the death of perhaps as many as a million Ukrainians from hunger and associated afflictions. There was enough food in the Ukrainian republic to ensure the survival of all its inhabitans, but Moscow ordered Ukraine to expedite foodstuffs to Moscow and Petrograd and to alleviate the famine on the Volga. [page 60]
•By end of 1931 famine began to break out in the Ukrainian countryside...in 1932 it spread over the republic. "All talk of famine must be categorically discarded." [Holod 1932-1933 rokiv na Ukraini: ochyma istorykiv, movoiu dokumentiv. Kyiv 1990 p.148] [page 61]
• Stalin and Kaganovich unpublished correspondence 1931-1936 p.274:
1. to squeeze out of Ukraine the maximum possible amount of grain (which was motivated by the needs of modernization and the necessity to feed the cities);
2. to implement a repressive <<purge>> of all social strata (which was motivated by the predominance of latent <<Ukrainian nationalists>> and other enemies. [page 88]
• Newly found archival documents provide the basis for a conclusion that it was precisely the throrough organization of mass killing of the Ukrainian farmers that gave the man-made famine in Ukraine the characteristics of genocide. [page 89]
• In...1932 ...and 1933, a so-called foodstuffs blockade was in effect along the borders of Ukraine, which was implemented with the use of internal army units and police. This blocade was designed to prevent the farmers from leaving Ukraine, effecively sentensing them to death. Similarly a foodstuffs reverse was also not allowed, that is to say that private person could not bring in foodstuffs without the state permission from Russia to Ukraine.[page 92] In addition, there was also a directive not to allow farmers to to move to other rayons.
• ...the cessation of the "Ukrainization" policy was justified along with the beginning of mass repression in Ukaine as early as 1933, which in time willorganically become part of the great terror" implemented by Yezhov in 1936-38.
• In conclusion, it is possible to say that the famine-genocide was intentional and effective method of transforming Ukraine into an 'exemplary republic' (... Stalin's euphemism). The recently discovered and publicized archival documents allow us to see the actions of the Stalinist regime the special anti-Ukrainian accents, the meaning and deeply rooted consequences ....Yuri Shapoval, Professor , Institue of Political and Ethno-national Research, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv). [page 97]
Moving the Ukrainians from good land to bad...
• Populate this village with conscientious collective farmers who have served in the Red Army and now working in other territories that suffer from the shortage and poor quality of arable land. Transfer to these settlers all the lands, winter crops, buildings, equipment and cattle of the farmers being resettled to the north. [Resolution of the CC VKP(B) and RNK USSR on Grain Procurement in Ukraine Dec 14, 1932.] [page 124]
KIEV, UKRAINE - KYIV, UKRAINE
Holodomor Victims Memorial
The haunting complex honors the millions of Ukrainians who died in the forced famine under Soviet rule.
Set on the banks of the Dnieper river in lush parkland is a hauntingly beautiful memorial to a horrific episode in history, the Holodomor. Entering the park past the guardian stone Angels of Sorrow, visitors can hear quiet but clear chimes, and your eye is drawn to the soaring Candle of Memory memorial atop the underground Hall of Memory.
It was not until 2006 that the Holodomor, a devastating famine which took place in the Ukraine region of the Soviet Union, was recognized in the Ukrainian parliament as a deliberate act of genocide against the country’s people. The artificially introduced food shortage created under Stalin was at its peak in June 1933, with nearly 28,000 people starving to death every day.
The genocide was planned by Soviet leaders to quash any attempts at Ukrainian independence and prevent uprising from farmers who resisted collectivization (confiscating all private farms and livestock and making them government-owned) under the Soviet regime.
l number of fatalities at approximately 7 million. [Krushchev said it was 10 million]
In 2008, 75 years after the famine-genocide, a memorial to the victims was opened in Kyiv, recognized as a national museum two years later. Inside the memorial complex is a striking statue named “The Bitter Memory of Childhood,” showing a young girl holding some wheat, a tribute to the most helpless victims of the famine: children. In the Blackboard Alley, boards list the names of the 14,000 villages and towns in Ukraine that suffered, many of whose residents remain nameless to date.
Know Before You Go
The museum is situated near the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra. The museum is easily accessible by public transport, the closest metro station is ArsenalnaStation.Themuseum is open every days from 10:00 until 18:00.Technical day is the second Tuesday of the month . General admission fee to the underground section of the museum (the Hall of Memory) is 16 hryvnas for adults, 6 hryvnas for children. Free entrance for:Children under 7 years old, museum workers, veterans, soldiers of ATO, conscripts, persons with disabilities (if certificate). On the First Monday of the month entrance is free.
This website inaccurately portray death from holodomar as 3 million. Krushchev said it was more like 10 million
Holodomor: Silenced Voices of the Starved Children by Lesa Melnyczuk from Australia got a gold award in one of the categories of the Independent Publisher Book Award 2019 (IPPY Awards).
Publisher: Carina Hoang Communications (2018)
ISBN-10: 0987158465 • ISBN-13: 978-0987158468
“Gold in EUROPE – BEST REGIONAL NON-FICTION: Holodomor: Silenced Voices of the Starved Children by Lesa Melnyczuk and Phil Webster (Carina Hoang Communications),” reads the list of winners on the IPPY Awards’ website.
The Ukrainian Institute of America congratulated Lesa Melnyczuk on winning the award.
“Congratulations to Ukrainian-Austrailian author Lesa Melnyczuk, PhD for being the 2018 The Independent Publisher Book Award (the “IPPYs”) gold medal recipient for her book "Holodomor: Silenced Voices of the Starved Children" in the European Region, Non-Fiction category,” the publication says.
As noted, the book presents a collection of forty stories told from first-hand experiences of the Ukrainian terror-famine of 1932-33 by survivors who later migrated to Western Australia.
In the foreword, Lesa Melnyczuk notes that the Holodomor pf 1932-33 in Ukraine can be fairly recognized as the genocide. "In fact, what I was investigating is the story of our little Ukrainian community in Perth (Western Australia). Why did we not know about it? Why did not we talk about it? Why did the world not talk about it? Why is not this episode of history studied by students along with the history of the Holocaust? What I learned was the devastating famine brought by Stalin to the Ukrainian people, to which, in my opinion, one can rightly use the word genocide," she says.
The book was released in October 2018. The text of the book is complemented by reproductions of paintings dedicated to Holodomor for better visual perception of the events.
The Holodomor of 1932-1933 is the genocide of the Ukrainian people, carried out by the totalitarian communist regime of the USSR. The total number of Holodomor victims has not yet been calculated, but some historians claim it was about 3 to 7 million people. [Olga note: Krushchev said it was 10 milllion.]
In November 2006, the Parliament of Ukraine recognized the Holodomor of 1932-1933 as the genocide of the Ukrainian people.
Apart from Ukraine, 15 UN member states and the Vatican State recognize the Holodomor as the genocide of Ukrainians at the interstate level.