Displaced Persons -
Before 1918 Galicia was in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and immigrants from Galicia would have carried Austrian citizenship. If the person came from the Austrian part of Ukraine, his records might be located in some other records at the Canadian Archives.
There are a few questions that need to be answered before you can
begin your search:
Canadian National Archives:
National Archives of Canada that contains links to sources for various genealogical records in Canada including citizenship, immigration Information, passenger lists, military records,etc.
Canadian Vital Statistic offices
British Columbia archives: http://search.bcarchives.gov.bc.ca/sn-53EC969/search
His gazetteer (3rd Edition) is without a doubt the best for Galicia, as it includes more than a simple list of village locations. It includes among other things, data from various church shematisms (Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Evangelical) and Jewish synagogue locations. The gazetteer is NOT available on-line. He spent thousands of hours of research to compile the gazetteer. It's around $40.00 US.
2. San Francisco University lists the book Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian Biography: Pioneer Settlers of Manitoba 1891-1900 by Vladimir J. Kaye in its online catalog. Also see:
There may be volunteers who can searchthis book at the following Alberta GenWeb lookup site:
3. Dictionary of Ukrainian Surnames in Canada by F. Bogdan. You won't find much other information in this book, but you will find a correct transliteration of Ukrainian names (about 30,000 of them) from the Cyrillic into the English alphabet.
4. Books on family, immigration, and sources by Jeff Picknicki Generations: a family history. Winnipeg: [publ. by the author] 1990. 194 p. illus. ISBN 0-9694835-0-3, about the Picknicki and Morski families who settled in Manitoba. (Much information about ways of life and customs also) .
5. The land they left behind: Canada's Ukrainians in the homeland. Stella Hryniuk and Jeff Picknicki. Winnipeg: Watson Dwyer, 1995. 107 p. illus. ISBN 0-920486-13-4 Photography by Frantisek Rehor, a Czech who became fascinated with Ukraine. The photos are from 1870s in Halychyna (Galicia).
6. Under the Southern Cross: a collection of accounts and reminiscences about the Ukrainian immigration in Brazil, 1891-1914. Jeff Picknicki Morski. Winnipeg: Watson Dwyer, 2000. 82 p. illus. ISBN 1-896239-62-5
When the emigrations began, families were leaving for America, Canada, Brazil, and even Hawaii. There were instances where families split up, with one brother in Canada, one in Brazil. The first two books are out-of-print, but you may still find them, if you're lucky. If not, try libraries or inter-library loan. Very much information, well-written, and with great photos of the period.
7. A Finding Aid Naturalization and Citizenship Indexes in the Canada Gazette 1915-1951. Victoria British Columbia, self-published 1999. This finding aid enables you to locate which issues and pages in the Canada Gazette contain Naturalization Indexes. Copies of the book are available for sale from the SGS.
8. Volunteers at the following site do lookups in the local community history books - for names of interest. The web site was kindly offered to us by Ted Lomatski.
9. Some books have been digitalized; can be read at the following site. The page can be enlarged (click L at the top of page)
10. Ukrainians during World War II: history and its aftermath: a symposium, edited by Y. Boshyk [with R. Waschuk and A. Wynnyckyj], Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 1986. (Canadian library in Ukrainian studies), ISBN 0920862372.
11. Political refugees and 'displaced persons', 1945-1954: a selected bibliography with special reference to Ukrainians, by Y. Boshyk and Boris Balan. Edmonton: CIUS, 1982. (Occasional research reports - CIUS, no. 2.)
12. Book on DP migration to Canada: Searching for the Place. http://www.infoukes.com/bookstore/luciuk/searching_for_place.html
13. Greater than kings : [Ukrainian pioneer settlement in Canada] text by Zonia Keywan (Main Author); Coles, Martin, (Added Author); photographs by Martin Coles; 1948- Bibliography: p. [vi]. Montreal : Harvest House, 1977.
14. Reminiscences of courage and hope : stories of Ukrainian Canadian women pioneers Krawchuk, Peter, 1911. Toronto : Kobzar Pub. Co. Ltd., 1991 ISBN/ISSN 0969512015
15. The Ukrainians in Canada by Ol'ha Woycenko = Les Ukrainiens au Canada / par Ol'ha Ottawa : Printed by Trident Press, 1968
16. DP: Lithuanian Immigration to Canada After the Second World War Danys, M. (1986), Toronto: Multicultural Historical Society of Ontario.
Great website, btw! Kind Regards, Julia Dicum
Dominion Land Grants:
East European Genealogical Society
CANADA R3C 4A7
Eastern Orthodox Catholic:
at 1-416-364-8918 or 1-416-465-8213 or 1-416-977-3342
They may be helpful in giving some of the information you need. In the search column, type: Ministry of Consumer and commercial relations or elections Canada. You can make an application at your local library to view the research documents you need or order what ever micro film you need.
Immigration advertising in Europe 1900 -1920s
Tools immigrants brought with them:
Immigration report by Evangelical Fellowship
Bethesda, MD 20824-1122.
Languages in Canada
Chinese as a mother tongue has been experiencing rapid growth since the 1980s due to increased immigration, particularly from Hong Kong and the People's Republic of China. Between 1991 and 1996, the number of people who reported Chinese as mother tongue increased 42% to 736,000.
As a result, Chinese moved from second place to first as the most frequently reported non-official mother tongue among Canadians, surpassing Italian. Chinese mother tongue comprised 2.6% of the total population in 1996, followed by Italian, German and Spanish, in that order.
After Chinese, Punjabi, Arabic and Tagalog were the three other non-official language groups which had the strongest growth between 1991 and 1996, reflecting the increase in immigrants from Asia and the Middle East.
Twenty-five years ago, the top three non-official mother tongues were German, Italian and Ukrainian. Their number has been declining since 1971, due largely to significant declines in immigration from European countries and the increasing death rates associated with the aging of their population.
In 1996, 47% of people with Ukrainian mother tongue were aged 65 and over, as were 28% of people with German and 20% of those with Italian. In contrast, 12% of Canada's population was aged 65 and over.
National Library of Canada:
NATIONAL REGISTRATION of all Canadians - over the age of 16 years.
(Depository Services Program - DSP) or your local university library (Data Liberation Initiative - DLI) for availability.
1940 National Registration file:
The information in the file is held by Statistics Canada so it is not covered by the privacy regulations governing census information. To request this information you need to know where your person was living in 1940. The information included is:
Surname, given name, permanent postal address
Age last birthday, date of birth, conjugal condition (married, widowed, divorced), of what dependants are you the sole support (father, mother, wife, number of children under 16 years, number of other dependents), do you contribute partial support to anyone
Country and place of birth of yourself, your father and your mother
Nationality or country of allegiance: British subject (by birth, by naturalization, foreign citizen, if naturalized in what year, in what place, if not British subject, to what country do you owe your allegiance, if an immigrant what year did you enter Canada, racial origin
Language or Languages: Do you speak English? French? What other language can you speak, read and write?
Education: Primary only, primary and secondary, vocational training (business college, technical high school), college or university degree
Is your general health (good, fair, bad)? If blind, deaf, dumb, crippled or otherwise physically disabled, state nature of disability. If permanently disabled, are you in receipt of a pension? In respect of War Service? Workman's compensation? Old age or blind? Other?
Class of occupation: Are you an employer of labour other than domestic? If so state business. Are you working on own account, but not employing labour? If so, state business. Are you an employee (working at usual occupation, working at other than usual occupation, unemployed, not working because pensioner, dependent, retired, independent means)
Occupation or craft: Present occupation, years of experience? What is your regular occupation, years of experience? What other work can you do well? If an employee, who is your present employer (name, address, nature of business where employed)? If experienced in a skilled industrial occupation or profession, describe specifically the type or types of work in which you are specially equipped by training or experience.
Unemployment: How many weeks did you work in the past 12 months? If out of work now, state number of weeks since last employed in any occupation other than work performed in return for direct relief. Are you totally incapacitated for employment?
Were you brought up on a farm? Until what age? Have you worked on a farm? How long? In what province or country? Can you handle horses? Drive a tractor? Use farm machinery? Can you milk? Are you able to do other farm work?
Is there any particular occupation in which you would like to be specially trained?
Defence Services: Have you previously served in any Naval, Military or Air Forces? If so, state Forces of what country? Approximate dates between which services performed? Unit? Rank held? If retired or discharged, give reasons? Have you been rejected for military service in the present war? Why? Where?
The form was sent to Ottawa and each individual was issued with an identification card which they were required to present whenever they were stopped by a member of the constabulary. Not all questions were always answered. These forms still survive.
Read this file for application and instructions: 1940 registationCensus.pdf
The Provincial Archives have other records we would be interested in, most particularly the homestead records, and vital records, such as the birth, marriage and death certificates.
You will need to show a proof of death, i.e., a copy of Death Certificate, copy of obituary, or photo of gravesite, showing the name and dates. File an Freedom of Information form, available free from public libraries or government offices. With the form include a $5.00 fee for service and the cost of a postage stamp.The naturalization papers may be held in the Province where the person applied for it, or from the National Archive in Ottawa when the information is received.
Information found in a Naturalization File: In addition to the application form for naturalization, there is a Royal Canadian Mounted Police report, an Affidavit Proving Petition and an Oath of Allegiance. Other documents could show why they wanted to be naturalized, information about their husband or wife and children and who vouched for their character and reputation.
Indexes: An index of those who were naturalized, along with their addresses and countries of origin, was published in the Canada Gazette. Although naturalization indexes ended in 1947, the lists continued to be published until 1951. From 1917 to April 1921, the lists are in numeric order. After this time, they are listed in alphabetical order.
Copies of the naturalization certificate may be found in your family papers or may be found in the Homestead Papers. From 1918 - 1938 the lists of those who were granted or refused citizenship were printed in the CANADIAN GAZZETTE (http://www.tbaytel.net/bmartin/natreg.htm) the official paper of the Canadian parliament. Copies are found in the National Library of Canada or on microfilm or fiche in the legislative or university libraries in each province. The Saskatchewan Legislative Library has microfilm copies from 1910 to the present A Finding Aid Naturalization and Citizenship Indexes in the Canada Gazette 1915-1951. Victoria British Columbia, self-published 1999. This finding aid enables you to locate which issues and pages in the Canada Gazette contain Naturalization Indexes. Copies of the book are available for sale from the SGS.
How to Obtain Copies of Naturalization Records: Copies are available if submitted on an Access to Information Request Form by a Canadian citizen or a resident of Canada. The form and information are available on the Internet at the National Archives of Canada. There is a $5 fee payable to the Receiver General. Send to:
Department of Citizenship and Immigration
Naturalization papers -- This address effective March 27, 2000.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
360 Laurier Ave West, 10th Floor
Public Rights Administration Directorate
It will take about 6 weeks, apparently, all immigration paperwork is located in Halifax, Nova Scotia, and they have to send it up to Ottawa to be verified before sending it out. You should get a letter stating that they received your letter of request, first, before they process your request.
Canada continued, page 2